Fayette County History & Genealogy

History of Fayette County


From R. S. Dills' History of Fayette County

ONE HUNDRED AND FOURTEENTH O.V.I.

The 114th Ohio was recruited in August, 1862, from the counties of Perry, Fairfield, Pickaway, Fayette, Hocking, and Vinton, It rendezvoused at Camp Circleville, and was mustered into the United States service September 11, 1862.

The regiment remained in Camp Circleville until the 19th of September, 1862, when it was ordered to Marietta. Marching from Circleville, it took the cars at Chillicothe for Marietta, arriving at the last named place September 21, 1862, and went into camp six weeks, occupying the time in drilling and equipping for the field.

December 1, 1862, the regiment was ordered to Memphis. On the 20th it moved on transports down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, to Johnson's Landing, on the Yazoo River, where it joined General Sherman's army then about to operate in the rear of Vicksburg. On the 26th of December the regiment landed near Chickasaw Bluffs, and participated in the assault on the enemy's works on Chickasaw Bayou. It was actively engaged during the whole of this battle, and severely engaged on the 28th and 29th. In one of these affairs Lieutenant Wilson, of Company F, was severely wounded by a shell in the foot, which had to be amputated a few days thereafter. Lieutenant Marfield, of Company B, was killed by a sharp-shooter. The regiment lost several others, killed and wounded.

On the night of January 1, 1863, at 10 o'clock, the army commenced the retreat, and at sunrise of the 2d the entire command was on board the boats. Before the boats could be detached from shore the rebels fired into them, wounding one man of the regiment.

During the six days the regiment remained on this disastrous fi:eld, the men suflfered intensely from the heat and cold.

After leaving Chickasaw Bluffs, the fleet of transports moved up the river, and on the morning of the 10th of January, 1863, cast anchor near Arkansas Post. The forces were landed, and preparations made for an attack on the fortifications. At 10 a. m., January 11th, the attack was commenced, and after a brisk engagement between the national and rebel forces, and a heavy cannonade from the national gunboats stationed in the rear, the post was surrendered, and tlie fort was occupied at 2 o'clock in the afternoon.

The national troops, after disposing of the material and prisoners captured, re-embarked on the transports and sailed down the Yazoo River to Young's Point, Louisiana, where they arrived on the 23d of January. During the stay of the regiment in this camp it suffered severely from sickness and death, losing over one hundred men in the space of six weeks.

From the 1st of December, 1862, to the 6th of February, 1863, the regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel H. B. Maynard. Colonel Cradlebaugh being absent in Washington City. From the 6th of February until March, 1863, it was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John A. Kelley. March 1, 1863, Colonel Cradlebaugh returned, and took command.

March 8, 1863, the 114th moved to Milliken's Bend, Louisiana, and went into camp, where it remained until the 5th of April. .

April 5, 1863, the national army, under General Grant, moved against Vicksburg. The 114th was in the whole of this campaign, and participated in the battle of Thompson's Hill, May 1, 1863; Champion Hills, May 16, 1863; Big Black Bridge, May 17th; and the seige of Vicksburg. In the battle at Thompson's Hill it lost several men killed and wounded in a charge made upon the enemy about 5 o'clock in the evening. The enemy was driven from the field, and two pieces of artillery, with a number of prisoners, were captured. The rebels were pursued until dark.

In the battle of Big Black Bridge, the regiment had a number killed and wounded. Among the killed was Lieutenant Kennedy, of Company C.

In the battle of Vicksburg, May 22, 1863, Colonel Cradlebaugh was severely wounded in the mouth, and a number of men killed and wounded.

May 22, 1863, Lieutenant Colonel Kelley again took command of the regiment. Colonel Cradlebaugh's wound having disabled him from duty.

On the 25th the regiment was ordered to Warrenton (ten miles below Vicksburg), to garrison that post. This duty was quite severe, consisting of strict guard and fatigue duty. On the 14th of July the regiment was ordered back to Vicksburg, where it remained in camp until the 13th of August. It was then sent to Corralton, six miles above New Orleans. September 6th it moved by rail to Brashear City, or Berwick Bay, and remained there up to October 3d. It then marched by way of Franklin, New Iberia, and Vermillionville, to Opelouses, Louisiana, a distance of about two hundred miles from New Orleans. Remaining at Opelouses but a few days, the regiment marched back to New Orleans, where it arrived November 22, 1863. This campaign was rather pleasant; the whole of it being made without the slightest trouble from the enemy.

November 28, 1863, the regiment embarked at New Orleans, and sailed for Texas. Landing at Pass Caballo, it went into camp at Decrow's Point, December 3, 1863. It remained on this barren sand coast until the 14th of January, 1864, and then moved to Matagorda Island. Remaining at this place until April 18, 1864, it was ordered to Alexandria, Louisiana, and arrived there April 26th.

General Banks' army was met at Alexandria, where it had fallen back after its disastrous repulse. . While at Alexandria the regiment was engaged in the affair at Graham's plantation, twelve miles out on the road.

The national forces retreated from Alexandria, May 13th, and arrived at Morganza, Louisiana, on the Mississippi River, May 22d. The enemy was engaged, and defeated at Marksville and at Yellow Bayou. This campaign was very severe—forced marches of ten days duration tbrough the stifling heat and dust, and being continually harassed by the enemy, on both flank and rear, made it almost unendurable. As the Mississippi appeared in view, the weary host sent up a glad shout at the certainty that their troubles and fatigues had for a time ended.

Colonel Cradlebaugh did not take command of the regiment after having been wounded, but resigned October 20, 1863. Lieutenant Colonel John H. Kelley, was promoted and commissioned colonel to rank, from October 20, 1863, but was not mustered; the regiment being reduced below the minimum.

While the 114th lay at Morganza, it was concerned in several raids, scouts and skirmishes, but did not meet with any severe engagements. On November 21, 1864, the regiment was ordered to the mouth of White River, Arkansas, arriving there November 26th. While at this point, the 120tli Ohio was consolidated with the 114th by which the following named officers were rendered supernumery, and were honorably mustered out of service: Captains, James Duffy, William H. Sliultz, John C. Hays and John Brandt; First Lieutenants, M. B. Radcliff, A. B. Messmore, Benjamin S. Shirely, James M. Davis and Alexander S. Thompson; Adjutant Lewis M. Earnest, and Surgeon O. E. French.

On December 6, 1864, the regiment was ordered to Morganza, Louisiana, where it arrived on the 8th, and went into camp the next day. On the 13th and 14th it was out on an expedition to the Atchafalaya River, but did not find the enemy.

January 8th, 1865, the regiment moved to Kenna, Louisiana, where it remained until the 24th, and was then ordered to Barraicas, Florida. It remained at this camp up to May, 1865, when the war having virtually ended, it was sent with other forces to Texas. In July it was ordered to Columbus, Ohio, to be paid off and mustered out.

During its term of service, the 114th marched by land and water over ten thousand miles, performing duty in ten difterent states, and was engaged in eight hard fought battles and many skirmishes. It was successful in all except the aftair at Chickasaw Bayou. It lost in killed and wounded, six officers and eighty men. The loss by disease was very great the first year, about two hundred men having died, and quite a number discharged for disability.

The latter part of the service of the regiment was singularly free from casualties. For nineteen months no regimental burying occurred, an almost miraculous exception.

COMPANY C.

The following original members enlisted in 1862
James W. Cleavelandj captain, enlisted August 9.
John C. Hays, 1st lieutenant.
Joseph Knight, 2d lieutenant.
James A. McClean, sergeant, enlisted August 9.
Reuben T. Kennedy, 1st sergeant, enlisted August 22.
James S. Robinson, 2d sergeant, enlisted August 10,
Richard Hucheson, sergeant, enlisted August 13.
James Eskridze, sergeant, enlisted August 22.
John A. Paul, corporal, enlisted August 19.
James A. Davis, corporal, enlisted August 15.
Nathaniel Tway, corporal, enlisted August 13,
Henry Curren, corporal, enlisted August 22,
James Ragan, corporal, enlisted August 22,
Robert N. Stuckey, corporal, enlisted August 9.
Henry L. Robinson, corporal, enlisted August 20.
Allen T. Doran, corporal, enlisted August 20.
Miah H. Parvin, musician, August 9,
Joseph C. Cripps, private, enlisted August 11.
Charles Abbott, private, enlisted August 22.
John Bay, private, enlisted August 18.
William Bay, private, enlisted August 22.
Rees Binigar, private, enlisted August 22.
Henry Bolen, private, enlisted August 10.
Andrew Braden, private, enlisted August 21.
William Butler, private, enlisted August 18.
Orin Chesley, private, enlisted August 13.
Joseph A. Crosby, private, enlisted August 22.
Abner Davis, private, enlisted August 22.
Paul Dummond, private, enlisted August 15.
Zebulon Rarll, private, enlisted August 22.
William Evans, private, enlisted August 22.
John Eckle, private, enlisted August 18.
Thomas Fleming, private, enlisted August 12.
John Flynn, private, enlisted August 19.
Allen T. Gainer, private, enlisted August 15.
Owen Genery, private, enlisted August 12.
William C. Goldsberry, private, enlisted August 11.
Levi G. Grubbs, private, enlisted August 9.
Simon C. Groves, private, enlisted August 21,
Randolph Hammond, private, enlisted August 12.
James Hanna, private, enlisted August 22.
Elijah Hill, private, enlisted August 20.
Peter Ikes, private, enlisted August 22.
John W. Jenkins, private, enlisted August 22.
James M. Jones, private, enlisted August 12.
John Judy, private, enlisted August 22.
John Levee, private, enlisted August 15.
James C. Long, private, enlisted August 18.
Bartholomew Long, private, enlisted August 10.
Oliver Long, private, enlisted August 10.
Arthur Latham, private, enlisted August 10.
Horace E. Lydy, private, enlisted August 22.
Smith David Loudin, private, enlisted August 11.
Isaac Miller, private, enlisted August 22.
John Milvin, private, enlisted August 10.
B. H. Millikan, private, enlisted August 20.
Jesse Morgan, private, enlisted August 15.
John E. Morris, private, enlisted August 19.
Michael Mungold. private, enlisted August 22.
John 0. Ott, private, enlisted August 9.
Allen Robinson^ private, enlisted August 10,
Joseph Ryan, private, enlisted August 22.
Andrew Saxton, private, enlisted August 22.
William Saxton, private, enlisted August 12.
James H. Smith, private, enlisted August 20.
John L. Still, private, enlisted August 22.
Jacob Stuckey, private, enlisted August 18.
Henry Stroble, private, enlisted August 22.
James Thompson, private, enlisted August 22.
Jacob Tracy, private, enlisted August 22.
William H. Thompson, private, enlisted August 16.
Allen Tway, private, enlisted August 15.
Jacob H. Tobias, private, enlisted August 9.
Charles Vanpelt, private, enlisted August 18.
William Waters, private, enlisted August 16.
John W. West, private, enlisted August 22.
Leonidas White, private, enlisted August 10.
John W. Woodland, private, enlisted August 14.
George W. Woodland, private, enlisted August 14
Henry Young, private, enlisted August 21.
Joseph Young, private, enlisted August 22.
William Zimmerman, private, enlisted August 15.
Samuel Zimmerman, private, enlisted August 15.

COMPANY D.

The following original members enlisted in 1862
Scott Harrison, captain, enlisted August 11.
Andrew V. Orr, sergeant, enlisted August 22.
Lemuel Dyer, sergeant, enlisted August 21.
William H. Crow, sergeant, enlisted August 13.
Bryant Jackson, sergeant.
Aurcelius B. Messmore, sergeant, enlisted August 21.
Allison M. Wear, sergeant, enlisted August 12.
John J. Harrison, corporal, enlisted August 13.
Ananias Cockerell, corporal, enlisted August 13.
John McMecken, corporal, enlisted August 22.
Jackson Bryant, corporal, enlisted August 22.
Ellison Dewitt, corporal, enlisted August 15.
Alfred Drew, corporal, enlisted August 20.
John Alkere, corporal, enlisted August 15.
John Hartman, corporal, enlisted August 13.
Valentine Sharp, wagoner, enlisted August 21.
Robert V. Anderson, private, enlisted August 15.
Thomas Allows, private, enlisted August 19.
Peter Adams, private, enlisted August 14.
Isaac T. Alfree, private, enlisted August 11.
John Barker, private, enlisted August 12.
Joseph M. Beattey, private, enlisted August 12.
William Blizzard, private, enlisted August 12.
Brantney Bryant, private, enlisted August 15.
Edward W. Bailey, private, enlisted August 22.
Joseph H. Clarridge, private, enlisted August 27.
Robert Clark, private, enlisted August 20.
Thomas Cockerell, private, enlisted August 12.
Silas Cumpton, private, enlisted August 12.
John Callihan, private, enlisted August 21.
John P. A. Dickey, private, enlisted August 13.
William Devore, private, enlisted August 15.
Felix Devore, private, enlisted August 20.
Eli Derum, private, enlisted August 22.
Henry Draes, private, enlisted August 15.
Joseph Daugherty, private, enlisted August 19.
Ellison Dewitt, private.
Samuel Davis, private, enlisted August 19.
Joseph J. G. Doster, private, enlisted August 21.
Henry Davis, private, enlisted August 19.
Harvy Evans, private, enlisted August 15.
Samuel Eyman, private, enlisted August 21.
George Ellwood, private, enlisted August 16.
Samuel Felty, private, enlisted August 14.
Thornton Feagins, private, enlisted August 21.
John J. Forshee, private, enlisted August 21.
James Forshee, private enlisted August 15.
Robert J. Forshee, private^ enlisted August 15.
John Fridley, private, enlisted August 21.
Joseph Flemming, private, enlisted August 20.
James R. Grover, private, enlisted August 21.
Timothy Graner, private, enlisted August 20.
David Gilenwaters, private, enlisted August 20.
George Grim, private, enlisted August 21.
John Hartman, private.
Allen Heagler, captain.
Thomas H. Howard, private, enlisted August 20.
Timothy Hallihan, private, enlisted August 20.
Thomas B. Hartshorn, private, enlisted August 20.
Emanuel Hardin private, enlisted August 21.
William S. Hopkins, private, enlisted August 22.
Orange S. Hopkins, private, enlisted August 21.
Albert Jolly, private, enlisted August 22.
John Jones, private, enlisted August 18.
J. S. Lanum, private, enlisted August 22.
Noble P. Mouser, private, enlisted August 12.
Charles A. Miller, private, enlisted August 21.
I. M. Miller, private, enlisted August 21.
Allen G. Mayo, private, enlisted August 21.
Valentine F. Mayo, private, enlisted August 12.
William Miller, private, enlisted August 21.
Benjamin F. Pieart, private, enlisted August 12.
Joseph Paine, private, enlisted August 21.
James Paine, private, enlisted August 21.
William Reynolds, private, enlisted August 19.
William Ramey, private, enlisted August 21.
Lemuel Struts, private, enlisted August 13.
Joseph Sites, private, enlisted August 21.
Emanuel Sites, private, enlisted August 21.
Benjamin E, Sheppard, private, enlisted August 19.
Edward F. Sorrell, private, enlisted August 21.
George Struts, private, enlisted August 21.
Solomon Syford, private, enlisted August 21.
John Toops, private, enlisted August 13.
William Toops, private, enlisted August 21.
Fletcher Toops, private, enlisted August 13.
Robert Vance, private, enlisted August 15.
John C. Wood, private, enlisted August 15.
John Wileman, private, enlisted August 13.